Using mobile programming to take enterprise apps to the next level
Gartner predicts that by the end of 2017, the demand for enterprise mobile applications will increase five or more times faster than an organization’s ability to deliver them. This is because mobile phone sales are predicted to reach 2.1 billion by 2019, driving the need for consumer apps. In order to meet this need, enterprises must establish efficient development processes. As such, many companies are turning to object-oriented programming (OOP) languages, such as Objective-C, Java and Python.
Benefits of OOP for enterprise mobile applications
Instead of focusing on actions and logic, OOP mobile programming languages are organized around objects and data. This means that programmers must specify object classes with attributes and functions, which are then used to build other objects. According to TechTarget, the benefits of using OOP include the ability to create sub-classes of data objects (inheritance), protection from corruption through data hiding and the ability to create new data classes. Because the code is less complex, OOP languages also reduce the time required to make changes. This is very beneficial because apps are constantly being updated. As such, OOP languages allow developers to create more stable applications with fewer errors, dramatically increasing customer satisfaction in the experience.
These types of languages are becoming more and more popular among the development community. In fact, half of the languages featured (Java, C++ and Objective-C) in InformationWeek’s “Six Top Programming Languages for Mobile Development” article are OOP. As InformationWeek points out, enterprises that create applications for Android apps almost exclusively use Java. This particular programming language, which possesses all the typical benefits of OOP, is also easier to update, because it can be run in both a browser and non-browser. The article also recommends C++ because of its versatility and quality, and praises Objective-C for its ability to handle the graphic-heavy nature of enterprise apps. This gives designers and developers the chance to stand out from the crowd with graphics and animation effects. Another OOP language, Python, provides the ability to easily debug and reuse code, which can be especially useful for enterprise mobile application development.
OOP and application development platforms
One of the challenges when it comes to mobile programming is creating apps for multiple mobile platforms in the most efficient way possible. The Telerik State of Mobile Development Survey found that 83 percent of developers surveyed who create applications for iOS platforms also develop for Android.
Enterprises are increasingly turning to application development platforms that allow for the creation and reuse of code to develop usable and stable apps in the shortest amount of time. Platform as a service offerings (PaaS) have been especially popular because of their simplified interface and standard protocols. These allow integration with multiple OOP languages to create mobile applications that will run on multiple operating systems.